Welcome to Read & Bloom!

I’m Mrs. Senyuz, a teacher (M.ed.), a mother (of two teens), a wife (of a really talented man) and a student for life, always looking for ways to connect & learn from my peers.

Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is defined as “the process of simultaneously extracting and constructing meaning through interaction and involvement with written language.” Snow (2002, p. 11) Extracting meaning talks about understanding what the author states obviously or implies and constructing meaning is to understand what the author says by using one’s background knowledge, experiences and capabilities.

Reading Comprehension Strategies

Effective Strategy


Activities You Can Do At Home to Practice the Strategy

Activating Prior Knowledge/ Predicting prior knowledge

Students think about what they already know and use that information with other clues they gather as they read to make a prediction as to what will happen next.

This is also motivational and helps students want to continue to read to see if their predictions are confirmed.

1. Think about the main idea of the story you are reading and ask your child a question that relates the idea to their experience. Ask them to make a prediction, “Do you think something like that will happen in this story?”

 2. In the middle of the story, stop and ask your child to make a prediction, “What do you think will happen at the end of the story? What makes you think that?”



Students try to ask answer questions about the important ideas in the text as  they read.

Write down the words like: who, what, when, where and why on index cards and encourage your child to ask questions using those words.

Monitoring, Clarifying, and Fix Up


Students check to see if they understand what they read.

If they don’t understand, they reread or use other strategies that will help them understand what they read.

1. Encourage your child to stop reading and explain what he/she read in his/her own words. If they are unable to do so, try to reread the parts of the text that didn’t make sense.

 2. Write down other reading comprehension strategies on index cards and have your child try to apply a different strategy when stuck.


Students gather information that is implied or missing in the text that is essential to understanding the reading.

Be detectives together and look for key words that would help them make assumptions. For example, the story reads: the boy ask kindly, “two scoops please.” We can assume that the boy is at an ice-cream shop.

Students listen to reading then write or talk about the main ideas from the reading.

1. Ask your child to explain to you what they heard.

 2. You can help your child by asking questions like: what comes next?